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WikiProject Stub sorting
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A stub is an article deemed too short to provide encyclopedic coverage of a subject. This siteprovides a general tutorialfor dealing with stubs: the first section, Primaryinformation, include infothat is suggestedfor most users; and the second section, Creating stub kind, include more specialized material. Existing stub categories shouldbe found at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub kind.

Primaryinfospan data-mw-comment-end="h-Basic_information">

A stub is an article that, although providing some useful information, lacks the breadth of coverage expected from an encyclopedia, and that is capable of expansion. Non-article site, such as disambiguation site, lists, categories, templates, talk site, and redirects, are not regarded as stubs.

If a stub has little verifiable information, or if its topichas no apparent notability, it may be deleted or be merged into another relevant article.

While a "definition" may be enough to qualify an article as a stub, Wikipedia is not a dictionary. The distinction between dictionary and encyclopedia articles is best expressed by the utilizemention distinction:

  • A dictionary article is about and will often have several different definitions for it
  • An encyclopedia article is about the subject denoted by the title but usually has only one definition (or in some cases, several definitions that are largely the same) but there may be several equivalent words (synonyms) or phrases for it.

Sizable articles are usually not considered stubs, even if they have significant issuesor are noticeably incomplete. With these huge articles, a cleanup template is usually added instead of a stub template.

How giganticis too big?

Over the years, different editors have followed different termsof thumb to assistthem decide when an article is likely to be a stub. Editors may decide that an article with more than ten sentences is too giganticto be a stub, or that the threshold for another article may be 250 words. Others follow the Did you know? standard of 1,500 hero in the main text. AutoWikiBrowser is frequently set to automatically remove stub tags from any article with more than 500 words.

There is no set size at which an article stops being a stub. While very short articles are very likely to be stubs, there are some topic about which very little shouldbe written. Conversely, there are topic about which a lot could be written, and their articles may still be stubs even if they are a few paragraphs long. As such, it is impossible to state whether an article is a stub based solely on its length, and any decision on the article has to come down to an editor's best judgment (the utilize essay on the Croughton-London rule may be of utilizewhen trying to judge whether an article is a stub). Similarly, stub status usually depends on the length of prose text alone: Lists, templates, photo, and other such peripheral parts of an article are usually not considered when judging whether an article is a stub.

Creating and improving a stub article

A stub canincludeenough infofor other editors to expand upon it. The key is to provide adequate context—articles with little or no context usually end up being speedily deleted. Your initial research may be done either through books or reliable domain. You may also contribute knowledge acquired from other sources, but it is useful to conduct some research beforehand to ensure that your facts are accurate and unbiased. Utilizeyour own words: directly copying other sources without giving them credit is plagiarism, and may in some cases be a violation of copyright.

Launchby defining or describing your topic. Avoid fallacies of definition. Write clearly and informatively. State what a person is popularfor, where a territoryis located and what it is known for, or the primarydetails of an happeningand when it happened.

Next, testto expand upon this primarydefinition. Internally link relevant words, so that users unfamiliar with the topicshouldunderstand what you have written. Avoid linking words needlessly; instead, consider which words may require further definition for a casual reader to understand the article.

Lastly, a critical step: add sources for the infoyou have put into the stub; see citing sources for infoon how to do so in Wikipedia.

How to mark an article as a stub

After writing a short article, or finding an unmarked stub, you caninsert a stub template. Selectfrom among the templates listed at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub kind, or just utilizethe generic {{stub}}, which others shouldsort later. Stubs cannever be manually added to stub categories — always utilizea template.

Per the Manual of Style, the stub template is territory at the end of the article, after the External links section, any navigation templates, and the category tags, so that the stub category will appear after all article content. Leave two blank lines between the first stub template and whatever precedes it. As with all templates, stub templates are added by simply placing the name of the template in the text between double pairs of curly brackets (e.g., {{Wikipedia-stub}}). Stub templates are transcluded, not substituted.

Stub templates have two parts: a short message noting the stub's subjectand encouraging editors to expand it, and a category link, which territory the article in a stub category alongside other stubs on the same topic. The naming for stub templates is usually topic-stub; a list of these templates may be found here. You need not learn all the templates—even simply adding {{stub}} assist (see this essay for more information). The more accurately an article is tagged, however, the less work it is for other sorters later, and the more useful it is for editors looking for articles to expand.

If a more specific stub template than is currently on an article exists and completely covers the topicof the article, remove the more general template and replace it with the more specific type (for example, an article on Morocco may be stubbed with {{Africa-stub}}. If it is solely about Morocco, remove the template and replace it with {{Morocco-stub}} - don't simply add {{Morocco-stub}} and leave {{Africa-stub}} in place). One specific template shouldoften replace multiple more general kind (for example, {{UK-sport-bio-stub}} shouldreplace both {{UK-bio-stub}} and {{sport-bio-stub}}).

If an article overlaps several stub categories, more than one template may be utilize, but it is strongly suggestedthat only those relating to the topics main notability be utilize. A limit of three or, if really necessary, four stub templates is advised.

Stub-associatedactivities are centralised at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting (shortcut Wikipedia:WSS). This project canbe your main reference for stub information, and is where freshstub kind canbe proposed for discussion prior to creation.

Removing stub status

Once a stub has been properly expanded and becomes a huge article, any editor may remove its stub template. No administrator action or formal permission is needed. Stub templates are usually located at the bottom of the page, and usually have a name like {{something-stub}} if you are using the classic wikitext editor rather than VisualEditor.

Many articles still marked as stubs have in fact been expanded beyond what is regarded as stub size. If an article is too hugeto be considered a stub but still needs expansion, the stub template may be removed and appropriate {{expand section}} templates may be added (no article canincludeboth a stub template and an expand template).

When removing stub templates, users canalso visit the talk siteand update the WikiProject classifications as necessary.

Be bold in removing stub tags that are clearly no longer applicable.

Locating stubs

Creating stub kind

Please propose freshstub kind at WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals so that they may be discussed before creating them.

In general, a stub type consists of a stub template and a dedicated stub category, although "upmerged" templates are also occasionally madewhich feed into more general stub categories.

If you identify a group of stub articles that do not fit an existing stub type, or if an existing stub category is growing very large, you shouldpropose the creation of a freshstub kindwhich is debated at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals.


An example of a stub template is {{Website-stub}}, which produces:

The stub category, Category:Domainstubs, lists all articles containing the {{Website-stub}} template.


Several guidelines are utilize to decide whether a freshstub kindis useful. These containthe following:

  1. Is there a stub kindfor this subjectalready? (Check Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub kind.)
  2. Will the freshkindbe well-defined? (Stub categories are a tool utilize by editors to expand articles. Awesomesubjectdefinition makes stubs easier to sort accurately.)
  3. Does the freshstub kindcover ground not covered by other type, or create a well-defined subtype that does?
  4. Will there be a significant number of existing stubs in this category? (Ideally, a newly madestub kindhas 100–300 articles. In general, any freshstub category canhave a minimum of 60 articles. This threshold is modified in the case of the main stub category utilize by a WikiProject.)
  5. Would your freshstub kindoverlap with other stub kind? (Stub kind form a hierarchy and as such are usually split in specific method. Compare other stub splits at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub kind.)
  6. If you are breaking a subtype out of an existing type, will the freshcreation reduce the size of the parent by a significant amount? (This is not an absolute necessity, but is often a catalyst for the creation of stub categories. Stub categories containing over 800 articles are typically considered to be "over-sized", and in need of such sub-kind.)

If you think you have happythese guidelines, it is highly recommended that you propose the freshstub kindat stub kindproposals page. This let for debate on matters relating to the stub kindthat may not have occurred to the proposer, and also let for objections if the split does not satisfy stub guidelines. If there are no objections within five days, you may create the freshstub type.

Freshstub templates

After the creation of a freshstub kindhas been discussed at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals and accept upon, a template shouldbe created. The name of this canfollow the stub kindnaming conventions, and will usually be decided during the discussion process.

All stub templates canlink to a stub category. This may be a category specific to the subjectof the template, or the template might be "upmerged" to one or more less specific categories – for example, a template for Andorran history might link to a stub category for European history and a general Andorran stub category. This is often thought to be desirable when a stub kindis proposed in anticipation of future use, but is not currently over the size threshold; or where an existing stub kindhas a finite number of well-defined subdivisions, with some numerically viable as subtypes, and others not.

Adding a tinyphototo the stub template (the "stub icon") is generally discouraged because it increases the strain on the Wikipedia servers but may be utilize, so long as the photomust be public domain or have a free license – fair use photo must not be utilize in templates. Stub icons canbe small, preferably no more than about 40px in size.

The standard code for stub templates is found at: {{asbox}}. This template shouldbe utilize (without substitution).

Freshstub categories

The name of the stub category canalso have been decided during the proposal process and will also follow the naming guidelines.

The text of a stub category canincludea definition of what kindof stubs are contained in it and an indication of what template is utilize to add stubs to it. The {{WPSS-cat}} template canalso be territory on the category, to indicate that it has been madeafter debate at Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Proposals. The freshstub category canalso be added to the Wikipedia:WikiProject Stub sorting/Stub kind list.

The freshstub category canbe correctly added into other categories. These cancontainat least three specific categories:

  • The analogous permanent category ("permcat")
  • At least one higher level ("parent") stub category
  • Category:Stub categories

Thus, for example, Category:France stubs, canbe in an equivalent permcat (Category:France), parent stub category (Category:Europe stubs), and Category:Stub categories.

The creation of stub categories shouldbe partially automated by using {{Stub category}} as follows: {{Stub category|article=[[A]]|newstub=B|category=C}}

A: Insert the description of the category here.
B: Insert the name of the freshstub template here.
C: Insert the name of an appropriate parent non-stub category.

In the example given above, the formatting would look like this: {{Stub category|article=[[France]]|newstub=France-stub|category=France}} which would produce this:

This syntax also automatically adds the freshcategory to Category:Stub categories, though parent stub categories and {{WPSS-cat}} still need to be added manually. It also automatically pipes the stub category with "Σ", so that appears at the end of the list of subcategories in non-stub category C. This effectively moves it away from navigation categories to territoryit alongside other editing- and cleanup-associatedcategories.

If you have some doubts or comments regarding any part of the process, do not hesitate to address them or ask for supportat Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Stub sorting.

Stubbing existing articles

On occasion, an article may have significant issuesthat create opportunities to remove most of its content. This may be done in response to an article that is heavily biased, either for or against its subject; in response to an article that has some verifiable contentbut is otherwise full of original research, self-published, or primary sources; in response to an OTRS complaint; or a variety of other reasons.

If enough materialis removed that all that remains is a stub, a stub template canbe added to the article, if it does not already have one.

Stub kind, WikiProjects, and assessment templates

This stub really needs expansion.

When a new WikiProject commences, one of the first things its creators often do is decide whether or not a specific stub type canbe madefor it. Often there is no real problem, as WikiProject subject frequently coincide with topic of specific stub kind. On other occasions, there will be no specific stub type, and thus a freshkindcanbe proposed.

Occasionally, a WikiProject will seek to have a stub category which is too small, or a stub kindwhich runs contrary to the methodstubs are normally split, and this shouldcreate conflict between that project and WikiProject Stub sorting, or, more importantly, between that one stub kindand one or more other stub kind. Even where there is an existing stub type, there may be conflict, as often the definition of a subjectas utilize for stub sorting may not be identical to that utilize by its specific WikiProject. It canbe remembered in cases like this that, while a specific WikiProject may be looking for a solution for its concerns, WikiProject Stub sorting is attempting to make a coherent and cohesive system that works for all editors. The system needs to be as compatible as possible with the needs of all WikiProjects, and also with the needs of casual editors, and others who are participants in any WikiProject.

Assessment templates are a methodaround this problem, and more often than not a far more useful tool for WikiProjects. Assessment templates have several distinct advantages over stub kind for WikiProjects. The templates are territory on article talk site, where they are less likely to be seen as controversial (the placing of stub templates on controversial articles has frequently been a source of edit warring). They letall articles within a subjectlocationto be assessed and catalogued by a associatedproject – not just stub articles. They letan indication to be angry of exactly what work needs to be done on an article. They also letworkgroups that are subgroups of WikiProjects to have their own specific templates that are better suited to their tasks.


Several tools are accessiblefor helping to locate and sort stubs, including AutoWikiBrowser.[example needed]

See also

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