This article needs to be updated.(April 2021)
Pwn2Own is a computer hacking contest held annually at the CanSecWest safetyconference. First held in April 2007 in Vancouver, the contest is now held twice a year, most recently in April 2021. Contestants are challenged to exploit widely utilize software and mobile devices with previously unknown vulnerabilities. Champion of the contest getthe device that they exploited and a moneyprize. The Pwn2Own contest serves to demonstrate the vulnerability of devices and programin widespread utilizewhile also providing a checkpoint on the progress angry in safetysince the previous year.
The first contest in 2007 was conceived and developed by Dragos Ruiu in response to his frustration with Apple Inc.'s lack of response to the Month of Apple Bugs and the Month of Kernel Bugs, as well as Apple's television commercials that trivialized the safetybuilt into the competing Windows operating system. At the time, there was a widespread belief that, despite these public displays of vulnerabilities in Apple products, OS X was significantly more secure than any other competitors. On March 20, roughly three weeks before CanSecWest that year, Ruiu announced the Pwn2Own contest to safetyresearchers on the DailyDave mailing list. The contest was to containtwo MacBook Pros that he would leave on the symposiumfloor hooked up to their own wireless admissionpoint. Any symposiumattendee that could connect to this wireless admissionpoint and exploit one of the devices would be able to leave the symposiumwith that laptop. There was no monetary reward. The name "Pwn2Own" was derived from the fact that contestants must "pwn" or cheatthe device in order to "own" or victoryit.
On the first day of the symposiumin Vancouver, British Columbia, Ruiu asked Terri Forslof of the Zero Day Initiative (ZDI) to participate in the contest. ZDI has a softwarewhich purchases zero-day attacks, reports them to the affected vendor and turns them into signatures for their own network intrusion detection system, increasing its effectiveness. The vulnerabilities sold to ZDI are angry public only after the affected vendor has problem a patch for it. Forslof accept to have ZDI offer to purchase any vulnerabilities utilize in the contest for a flat price of $10,000. The first contest subsequently exposed a high-profile Quicktime flaw, which was disclosed to Apple on April 23 and patched in early May. In 2008 the scope of the Pwn2Own contest was expanded. Targets contain three laptops running the default installation of Windows Vista, OS X, or Ubuntu Linux. Mobile devices were added in 2009.
For 2012 the termswere modify to a capture-the-flag style tournamentwith a point system, At and Chrome was successfully exploited for the first time, by regular competitor VUPEN. After withdrawing from the contest that year due to freshdisclosure rules, in 2013 Google returned as a sponsor and the termswere modify to require full disclosure of exploits and techniques utilize. Google ceased to be a sponsor of Pwn2Own in 2015.
In 2015, every web browser tested was successfully hacked and every prize won, totaling $557,500. Other prizes such as laptops were also given to winning researchers. In 2018, the symposiumwas much smaller and sponsored primarily by Microsoft, after China banned its safetyresearchers from participating in the contest.
Pwn2Own continues to be sponsored by Trend Micro's Zero Day Initiative, with ZDI reporting vulnerabilities to vendors before going public with the cheat. "One of the biggesthacking contests in the world" according to TechCrunch, as of 2019 the contest continues to be held several times a year. Pwn2Own Tokyo was held November 6 to November 7 in Tokyo, Japan, and was expected to hand out $750,000 in moneyand prizes. Cheat focus on browsers, virtual machines, computers, and telephone. In 2019, the contest added vehicle for the first time, with $900,000 offered for cheat exploiting Tesla software. In 2019, the contest added industrial control systems.
Champion of the contest getthe device that they exploited and a moneyprize. Champion also geta "Masters" jacket celebrating the year of their win.
This list of notable cheat is incomplete.
|Hacker(s)||Affiliation||Year||Exploit Target||Version / OS||Source|
|Dino Dai Zovi||Independent||2007||Quicktime (Safari)||Mac OS X|
|Shane Macauley||Independent||2007||Quicktime (Safari)||Mac OS X|
|Charlie Miller||ISE||2008||Safari (PCRE)||Mac OS X 10.5.2|
|Jake Honoroff||ISE||2008||Safari (PCRE)||Mac OS X 10.5.2|
|Mark Daniel||ISE||2008||Safari (PCRE)||Mac OS X 10.5.2|
|Shane Macauley||Independent||2008||Adobe Flash (Internet Explorer)||Windows Vista Service Package1|
|Alexander Sotirov||Independent||2008||Adobe Flash (Internet Explorer)||Windows Vista Service Package1|
|Derek Callaway||Independent||2008||Adobe Flash (Internet Explorer)||Windows Vista Service Package1|
|Charlie Miller||ISE||2009||Safari||Mac OS X|
|Nils||Independent||2009||Internet Explorer 8||Windows 7 Beta|
|Nils||Independent||2009||Safari||Mac OS X|
|Charlie Miller||ISE||2010||Safari||Mac OS X|
|Peter Vreugdenhil||Independent||2010||Internet Explorer 8||Windows 7|
|Nils||Independent||2010||Mozilla Firefox 3.6||Windows 7 (64-bit)|
|Ralf-Philipp Weinmann||Independent||2010||iPhone 3GS||iOS|
|Vincenzo Iozzo||Independent||2010||iPhone 3GS||iOS|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2011||Safari 5.0.3||Mac OS X 10.6.6|
|Stephen Fewer||Harmony Security||2011||Internet Explorer 8 (32-bit)||Windows 7 Service Package1 (64-bit)|
|Charlie Miller||ISE||2011||iPhone 4||iOS 4.2.1|
|Dion Blazakis||ISE||2011||iPhone 4||iOS 4.2.1|
|Willem Pinckaers||Independent||2011||BlackBerry Torch 9800||BlackBerry OS 220.127.116.11|
|Vincenzo Iozzo||Independent||2011||Blackberry Torch 9800||BlackBerry OS 18.104.22.168|
|Ralf-Philipp Weinmann||Independent||2011||Blackberry Torch 9800||BlackBerry OS 22.214.171.124|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2012||Chrome||Windows 7 Service Package1 (64-bit)|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2012||Internet Explorer 9||Windows 7|
|Willem Pinckaers||Independent||2012||Mozilla Firefox|
|Vincenzo Iozzo||Independent||2012||Mozilla Firefox|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2013||Internet Explorer 10||Windows 8|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2013||Adobe Flash||Windows 8|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2013||Oracle Java||Windows 8|
|Nils||MWR Labs||2013||Chrome||Windows 8|
|Jon||MWR Labs||2013||Chrome||Windows 8|
|George Hotz||Independent||2013||Adobe Reader||Windows 8|
|Joshua Drake||Independent||2013||Oracle Java||Windows 8|
|James Forshaw||Independent||2013||Oracle Java||Windows 8|
|Ben Murphy||Independent||2013||Oracle Java||Windows 8|
|Pinkie Pie||Independent||2013 (Mobile)||Chrome||Android|
|Nico Joly||VUPEN||2014 (mobile)||Windows Phone (Internet Explorer 11)||Windows 8.1|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2014||Internet Explorer 11||Windows 8.1|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2014||Adobe Reader XI||Windows 8.1|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2014||Adobe Flash||Windows 8.1|
|VUPEN||VUPEN||2014||Mozilla Firefox||Windows 8.1|
|Liang Chen, Zeguang Zhao||Keen team, team509||2014||Adobe Flash||Windows 8.1|
|Sebastian Apelt, Andreas Schmidt||Independent||2014||Internet Explorer 11||Windows 8.1|
|Jüri Aedla||Independent||2014||Mozilla Firefox||Windows 8.1|
|Mariusz Młyński||Independent||2014||Mozilla Firefox||Windows 8.1|
|George Hotz||Independent||2014||Mozilla Firefox||Windows 8.1|
|Liang Chen, Zeguang Zhao||Keen team, team509||2014||OS X Mavericks, and Safari|
|Jung Hoon Lee, aka lokihardt||Independent||2015||Internet Explorer 11, Google Chrome, and Safari|
|Nico Golde, Daniel Komaromy||Independent||2015 (Mobile)||Samsung Galaxy S6 Baseband||Android|
|Guang Gong||Qihoo 360||2015 (Mobile)||Nexus 6 Chrome||Android|
|2017||iPhone 7, others||iOS 11.1|
|Fluoroacetate||Independent||2019 (Mobile)||Amazon Echo Present5|
|Pedro Ribeiro, Radek Domanski||Flashback||2019 (Mobile)||NETGEAR Nighthawk Smart WiFi Router (LAN and WAN)||v3 (hardware)|
|Pedro Ribeiro, Radek Domanski||Flashback||2019 (Mobile)||TP-Link AC1750 Smart WiFi Router (LAN and WAN)||v5 (hardware)|
|Mark Barnes, Toby Drew, Max Van Amerongen, and James Loureiro||F-Secure Labs||2019 (Mobile)||Xiaomi Mi9 (Web Browser and NFC)||Android|
|Mark Barnes, Toby Drew, Max Van Amerongen, and James Loureiro||F-Secure Labs||2019 (Mobile)||TP-Link AC1750 Smart WiFi Router (LAN and WAN)||v5 (hardware)|
The contest took territoryfrom Thursday, April 18 to Saturday, April 20, 2007 in Vancouver. The first contest was intended to highlight the insecurity of Apple's Mac OS X operating system since, at the time, there was a widespread belief that OS X was far more secure than its competitors. Concerning rules, only two MacBook Pro laptops, one 13" and one 15", were left on the symposiumfloor at CanSecWest and joined to a separate wireless network. Only certain attacks were permittedand these restrictions were progressively loosened over the three days of the conference. Day 1 permittedremote attacks only, day 2 had browser attacks contain, while day 3 permittedlocal attacks, where contestants could connect with a USB stick or Bluetooth. In order to victorythe 15" MacBook Pro, contestants would be neededto further escalate their privileges to root after gaining admissionwith their initial exploit.
The laptops were not hacked on the first day. After the $10,000 prize was announced by ZDI, Shane Macaulay called up former co-worker Dino Dai Zovi in FreshYork and urged him to compete in the second day. In one night, Dai Zovi found and exploited a previously unknown vulnerability in a QuickTime library loaded by Safari. The following morning, Dai Zovi sent his exploit code to Macaulay, who territory it on a domainand e-mailed the contest organizers a link to it. When clicked, the link gave Macauley control of the laptop, winning the contest by proxy for Dai Zovi, who gave Macaulay the 15" MacBook Pro. Dai Zovi separately sold the vulnerability to ZDI for the $10,000 prize.
Pwn2Own 2008 took territoryfrom Thursday, March 26 to Saturday, March 28, 2008. After the successful 2007 contest, the scope of the contest expanded to containa wider array of operating systems and browsers. The contest would demonstrate the widespread insecurity of all programin widespread utilizeby consumers. Dragos refined the contest with the assistof a wide panel of industry experts and the contest was administered by ZDI, who would again offer to purchase the vulnerabilities after their demonstration. As with all the vulnerabilities that ZDI purchases, the details of the vulnerabilities utilize in Pwn2Own would be deliveredto the affected vendors and public details would be withheld until a patch was angry available. All contestants who successfully demonstrated exploits at the contest could sell their vulnerabilities to ZDI for prizes of $20,000 on the first day, $10,000 on the second day, and $5,000 on the third day. As in the previous year's contest, only certain attacks were permittedon each day. Targets contain three laptops running the default installation of Windows Vista Ultimate SP1, Mac OS X 10.5.2, or Ubuntu Linux 7.10. Day 1 saw remote attacks only; contestants had to join the same network as the target laptop and perform their attack without utilize interaction and without authentication. Day 2 had browser and Instant messaging attacks contain, as well as malicious domainattacks with links sent to organizers to be clicked. Day 3 had third-party client app contain. Contestants could target famousthird-party programsup id="cite_ref-2008rules_12-4" class="reference"> such as browsers, Adobe Flash, Java, Apple Mail, iChat, Skype, AOL, and Microsoft Silverlight.
Concerning outcome, the laptop running OS X was exploited on the second day of the contest with an exploit for the Safari browser co-written by Charlie Miller, Jake Honoroff and Mark Daniel of Independent SafetyEvaluators. Their exploit targeted an open-source subcomponent of the Safari browser. The laptop running Windows Vista SP1 was exploited on the third day of the contest with an exploit for Adobe Flash co-written by Shane Macaulay, Alexander Sotirov, and Derek Callaway. After the contest, Adobe disclosed that they had co-discovered the same vulnerability internally and had been working on a patch at the time of Pwn2Own. The laptop running Ubuntu was not exploited.
Pwn2Own 2009 took territoryover the three days of CanSecWest from Thursday, March 18 to Saturday, March 20, 2009. After having considerably more success targeting web browsers than any other category of programin 2007, the third Pwn2Own focused on famousbrowsers utilize on consumer desktop operating systems. It added another category of mobile devices which contestants were challenged to cheatvia many remote attack vectors including email, SMS messages, and domainbrowsing. All contestants who demonstrated successful exploits at the contest were offered rewards for the underlying vulnerabilities by ZDI, $5,000 for browser exploits and $10,000 for mobile exploits.
Concerning web browser rules, browser targets were Internet Explorer 8, Firefox, and Chrome installed on a Sony Vaio running Windows 7 Beta and Safari and Firefox installed on a MacBook running Mac OS X. All browsers were fully patched and in default configurations on the first day of the contest. As in previous years, the attack surface contest expanded over the three days. On day 1, contestants had to target functionality in the default browser without admissionto any plugins. On day 2, Adobe Flash, Java, Microsoft .NET Framework, and QuickTime were contain. On day 3, other famousthird party plugins were contain like Adobe Reader. Multiple champion per target were allowed, but only the first contestant to exploit each laptop would receiveit. Mobile device targets contain BlackBerry, Android, Apple iPhone 2.0 (T-Mobile G1), Symbian (Nokia N95) and Windows Mobile (HTC Touch) telephone in their default configurations.
As with the browser contest, the attack surface accessibleto contestants expanded over three days. In order to prove that they were able to successfully compromise the device, contestants had to demonstrate they could collect sensitive data from the mobile device or incur some kindof financial loss from the mobile device owner. On day 1, the device could getSMS, MMS, and e-emailbut messages could not be read. Wifi (if on by default), Bluetooth (if on by default), and radio stack were also in-scope. On day 2, SMS, MMS, and e-emailcould be opened and read. Wifi was turned on and Bluetooth could be turned on and paired with a nearby headset (additional pairing disallowed). Day 3 permittedone level of utilize interaction with the default app. Multiple champion per device were allowed, but only the first contestant to exploit each mobile device would receiveit (along with a one-year telephonecontract).
Concerning outcome, based on the increased interest in competing in 2009, ZDI arranged a random selection to determine which squadwent first versuseach target. The first contestant to be chosenwas Charlie Miller. He exploited Safari on OS X without the aid of any browser plugins. In interviews after winning the contest, Miller stressed that while it only took him minutes to run his exploit versusSafari it took him many days to research and develop the exploit he utilize. A researcher identified only as Nils was chosento go after Miller. Nils successfully ran an exploit versusInternet Explorer 8 on Windows 7 Beta. In writing this exploit, Nils had to bypass anti-exploitation mitigations that Microsoft had implemented in Internet Explorer 8 and Windows 7, including Data Execution Protection (DEP) and Address ZoneLayout Randomization (ASLR). Nils continued trying the other browsers. Although Miller had already exploited Safari on OS X, Nils exploited this platform again, then moved on to exploit Firefox successfully. Near the end of the first day, Julien Tinnes and Sami Koivu (remote) successfully exploited Firefox and Safari on OS X with a vulnerability in Java. At the time, OS X had Java enabled by default which permittedfor reliable exploitation versusthat platform. However, due to having reported the vulnerabilities to the vendor already, Tinnes' participation fell outside the termsof the contest and was unable to be rewarded. The next days of the contest did not attract any additional contestants. Chrome, as well as all of the mobile devices, went unexploited in Pwn2Own 2009.
The tournamentstarted at March 24, 2010 and had a total moneyprize pool of US$100,000. On March 15—nine days before the contest was to launchApple released sixteen patches for WebKit and Safari. Concerning programto exploit, $40,000 of the $100,000 was reserved for web browsers, where each target is worth $10,000. Day 1 contain Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 on Windows 7, Mozilla Firefox 3.6 on Windows 7, Google Chrome 4 on Windows 7, and Apple Safari 4 on Mac OS X Snow Leopard. Day 2 contain Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 on Windows Vista, Mozilla Firefox 3 on Windows Vista, Google Chrome 4 on Windows Vista, and Apple Safari 4 on Mac OS X Snow Leopard. Day 3 contain Microsoft Internet Explorer 8 on Windows XP, Mozilla Firefox 3 on Windows XP, Google Chrome 4 on Windows XP, and Apple Safari 4 on Mac OS X Snow Leopard. $60,000 of the total $100,000 moneyprize pool was allotted to the mobile telephoneportion of the contest, each target was worth $15,000. These contain Apple iPhone 3GS, RIM BlackBerry Bold 9700, Nokia E72 device running Symbian, and HTC Nexus One running Android.
The Opera web browser was left out of the contests as a target: The ZDI squadargued that Opera had a low market share and that Chrome and Safari are only contain "due to their default presence on various mobile platforms". However, Opera's rendering engine, Presto, is showon millions of mobile platforms.
Among successful exploits were when Charlie Miller successfully hacked Safari 4 on Mac OS X. Nils hacked Firefox 3.6 on Windows 7 64-bit by using a memory corruption vulnerability and bypass ASLR and DEP, after which Mozilla patched the safetyflaw in Firefox 3.6.3. Ralf-Philipp Weinmann and Vincenzo Iozzo hacked the iPhone 3GS by bypassing the digital code signatures utilize on the iPhone to confirmthat the code in memory is from Apple. Peter Vreugdenhil exploited Internet Explorer 8 on Windows 7 by using two vulnerabilities that involved bypassing ASLR and evading DEP.
The 2011 contest took territorybetween March 9 until 11th during the CanSecWest symposiumin Vancouver. The web browser targets for the 2011 contest contain Microsoft Internet Explorer, Apple Safari, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome. Freshto the Pwn2Own contest was the fact that a freshattack surface was permittedfor penetrating mobile telephone, specifically over cellphone basebands. The mobile phone targets were Dell Venue Pro running Windows Telephone7, iPhone 4 running iOS, BlackBerry Torch 9800 running BlackBerry OS 6.0, and Nexus S running Android 2.3. Several squad registered for the desktop browser contest. For Apple Safari, registered competitors contain VUPEN, Anon_07, SquadAnon, Charlie Miller. Mozilla Firefox contain Sam Thomas and Anonymous_1. Microsoft Internet Explorer squad contain Stephen Fewer, VUPEN, Sam Thomas, and Ahmed M Sleet. Google Chrome squad contain Moatz Khader, SquadAnon, and Ahmed M Sleet. For the mobile browser category, the following squad registered. For the Apple iPhone cheatattempt, squad contain Anon_07, Dion Blazakis and Charlie Miller, SquadAnon, Anonymous_1, and Ahmed M Sleet. To cheatthe RIM Blackberry the squad wereAnonymous_1, SquadAnon, and Ahmed M Sleet. To cheatthe Samsung Nexus S, squad contain Jon Oberheide, Anonymous_1, Anon_07, and SquadAnonymous. To cheatthe Dell Venue Pro, squad contain George Hotz, SquadAnonymous, Anonymous_1, and Ahmed M Sleet.
During the first day of the competition, Safari and Internet Explorer were defeated by researchers. Safari was version 5.0.3 installed on a fully patched Mac OS X 10.6.6. French safetyfirm VUPEN was the first to attack the browser. Internet Explorer was a 32-bit version 8 installed on 64-bit Windows 7 Service Package1. Safetyresearcher Stephen Fewer of Harmony Safetywas successful in exploiting IE. This was demonstrated Just as with Safari. In day 2 the iPhone 4 and Blackberry Torch 9800 were both exploited. The iPhone was running iOS 4.2.1, however the flaw exists in version 4.3 of the iOS. Safetyresearchers Charlie Miller and Dion Blazakis were able to gain admissionto the iPhone's address book through a vulnerability in Mobile Safari by visiting their exploit ridden webpage. The Blackberry Torch 9800 telephonewas running BlackBerry OS 126.96.36.199. The squadof Vincenzo Iozzo, Willem Pinckaers, and Ralf Philipp Weinmann took advantage of a vulnerability in the Blackberry's WebKit based web browser by visiting their previously prepared webpage. Firefox, Android, and Windows Telephone7 were scheduled to be tested during day 2, but the safetyresearchers that had been selectedfor these platforms did not attempt any exploits. Sam Thomas had been chosento tryFirefox, but he withdrew stating that his exploit was not stable. The researchers that had been selectedto tryAndroid and Windows Telephone7 did not presentup. No squad showed up for day three. Chrome and Firefox were not hacked.
For 2012 the termswere modify to a capture-the-flag style tournamentwith a point system. The freshformat caused Charlie Miller, successful at the happeningin past years, to decide not to attend, as it required "on-the-spot" writing of exploits that Miller argued favored huge squad. Hackers went versusthe four major browsers.
At Pwn2Own 2012, Chrome was successfully exploited for the first time. VUPEN declined to reveal how they escaped the sandbox, saying they would sell the information. Internet Explorer 9 on Windows 7 was successfully exploited next. Firefox was the third browser to be hacked using a zero day exploit.
Safari on Mac OS X Lion was the only browser left standing at the conclusion of the zero day portion of pwn2own. Versions of Safari that were not fully patched and running on Mac OS X Snow Leopard were compromised during the CVE portion of pwn2own. Significant improvements in the safetymitigations within Mac OS X were introduced in Lion.
Google withdrew from sponsorship of the happeningbecause the 2012 termsdid not require full disclosure of exploits from champion, specifically exploits to break out of a sandboxed environment and demonstrated exploits that did not "win". Pwn2Own defended the decision, saying that it trust that no hackers would attempt to exploit Chrome if their way had to be disclosed. Google offered a separate "Pwnium" contest that offered up to $60,000 for Chrome-specific exploits. Non-Chrome vulnerabilities utilize were warranty to be immediately reported to the appropriate vendor. Sergey Glazunov and a teenager identified as "PinkiePie" each earned $60,000 for exploits that bypassed the safetysandbox. Google problem a fix to Chrome users in less than 24 hours after the Pwnium exploits were demonstrated.
In 2013, Google returned as a sponsor and the termswere modify to require full disclosure of exploits and techniques utilize. The Mobile Pwn2Own 2013 contest was held November 13–14, 2013, during the PacSec 2013 Symposiumin Tokyo. Web browsers Google Chrome, Internet Explorer and Firefox, along with Windows 8 and Java, were exploited. Adobe also joined the contest, adding Reader and Flash. Apple Safari on Mountain Lion was not targeted as no squad showed up.
French safetyfirm VUPEN has successfully exploited a fully updated Internet Explorer 10 on Microsoft Surface Pro running a 64-bit version of Windows 8 and fully bypassed Protected Mode sandbox without crashing or freezing the browser. The VUPEN squadthen exploited Mozilla Firefox, Adobe Flash, and Oracle Java . Pinkie Pie won $50,000, and Google released Chrome updates on November 14 to address the vulnerabilities exploited. Nils and Jon from MWRLabs were successful at exploiting Google Chrome using WebKit and Windows kernel flaws to bypass Chrome sandbox and won $100,000. George Hotz exploited Adobe Acrobat Reader and escaped the sandbox to win $70,000. James Forshaw, Joshua Drake, and Ben Murphy independently exploited Oracle Java to win $20,000 each.
The mobile contest saw contestants winning $117,500 out of a prize pool of $300,000.
At Pwn2Own 2014 in March was held in Vancouver at the CanSecWest Symposiumand sponsored by Hewlett-Packard. All four targeted browsers fell to researchers, and contestants overall won $850,000 of an accessiblepool of $1,085,000. VUPEN successfully exploited fully updated Internet Explorer 11, Adobe Reader XI, Google Chrome, Adobe Flash, and Mozilla Firefox on a 64-bit version of Windows 8.1, to victorya total of $400,000—the highest payout to a single competitor to date. The organizationutilize a total of 11 distinct zero-day vulnerabilities.
Among other successful exploits in 2014, Internet Explorer 11 was exploited by Sebastian Apelt and Andreas Schmidt for a prize of $100,000. Apple Safari on Mac OS X Mavericks and Adobe Flash on Windows 8.1 were successfully exploited by Liang Chen of Keen Squadand Zeguang Zhao of team509. Mozilla Firefox was exploited three times on the first day, and once more on the second day, with HP awarding researchers $50,000 for each disclosed Firefox flaw that year. Both Vupen and an anonymous participant exploited Google Chrome. Vupen earned $100,000 for the crack, while he anonymous entrant had their prize of $60,000 reduced, as their attack relied on a vulnerability revealed the day before at Google's Pwnium contest. Also, Nico Joly of the VUPEN squadtook on the Windows Phone (the Lumia 1520), but was unable to gain full control of the system. In 2014, Keen Lab hacked Windows 8.1 Adobe Flash in 16 seconds, as well as the OSX Mavericks Safari system in 20 seconds.
Every single prize accessiblewas claimed in 2015 in March in Vancouver, and all browsers were hacked for a total in $557,500 and other prizes. The top hacker proved to be Jung Hoon Lee, who took out "IE 11, both the stable and beta versions of Google Chrome, and Apple Safari" and earned $225,000 in prize money. Other cheat contain Team509 and KeenTeem breaking into Adobe Flash, and other breaks in Adobe Reader. Overall, there were 5 bugs in the Windows operating system, 4 in Internet Explorer 11, 3 in Firefox, Adobe Reader, and Adobe Flash, 2 in Safari, and 1 in Chrome. Google ceased to be a sponsor of Pwn2Own in 2015.
At the contest in March 2016, "each of the winning entries was able to avoid the sandboxing mitigations by leveraging vulnerabilities in the underlying OSs." In 2016, Chrome, Microsoft Edge and Safari were all hacked. According to Brian Gorenc, manager of Vulnerability Research at HPE, they had selectednot to containFirefox that year as they had "wanted to focus on the browsers that [had] angry serious safetyimprovements in the last year". In 2016, Qihoo360 successfully hacked into a Pixel in under 60 seconds.
In March 2017 in Vancouver, for the first time hackers broke into VMWare's virtual machine sandbox. In 2017, Chrome did not have any successful cheat (although only one squadattempted to target Chrome), the subsequent browsers that best fared were, in order, Firefox, Safari and Edge. Mobile Pwn2Own was held on November 1 and 2 in 2017. Representatives from Apple, Google and Huawei were at the contest. Various smartphones, including ones using Apple's iOS 11.1 software, were also successfully hacked. The "11 successful attacks" were versusthe iPhone 7, the Huawei Friend9 Pro and the Samsung Galaxy S8. Google Pixel was not hacked. Overall, ZDI that year awarded $833,000 to discover51 zero-day bugs. The squadQihoo 360 won the top prize in 2017.
In 2018, the symposiumwas much smaller and sponsored primarily by Microsoft. China had banned its safetyresearchers from participating in the contest, despite Chinese nationals winning in the past, and banned divulging safetyvulnerabilities to foreigners. In particular, Tencent's Keen Labs and Qihoo 360's 360Vulcan teem did not enter, nor any other Chinese nationals. A Tianfu Cup was subsequently plannedto be a "Chinese version of Pwn2Own", also taking territorytwice a year. Also, shortly before the 2018 conference, Microsoft had patched several vulnerabilities in Edge, causing many squad to withdraw. Nevertheless, certain openings were found in Edge, Safari, Firefox and more. No cheatattempts were angry versusChrome, although the reward offered was the same as for Edge. Hackers were ultimately awarded $267,000. While many Microsoft products had hugerewards accessibleto anyone who was able to gain admissionthrough them, only Edge was successfully exploited, and also Safari and Firefox.
A March 2019 contest took territoryin Vancouver at the CanSecWest conference, with categories including VMware ESXi, VMware Workstation, Oracle VirtualBox, Chrome, Microsoft Edge, and Firefox, as well as Tesla. Tesla entered its new Model 3 sedan, with a pair of researchers earning $375,000 and the vehiclethey hacked after finding a severe memory randomization bug in the vehicles infotainment system. It was also the first year that hacking of devices in the home automation category was allowed.
In October 2019, Politico reported that the next edition of Pwn2Own had added industrial control systems. Pwn2Own Tokyo was held November 6 to November 7, and was expected to hand out $750,000 in moneyand prizes. Facebook Portal was entered, as was the Amazon Echo Present5, a Google Nest Hub Max, an Amazon Cloud Cam and a Nest Cam IQ Indoor. Also entered was the Oculus Quest virtual reality kit. In 2019, a squadwon $60,000 hacking into an Amazon Echo Present5. They did so by hacking into the "patch gap" that meshed older programpatched onto other platforms, as the smart screen utilize an old version of Chromium. The squadshared the findings with Amazon, which said it was investigating the cheatand would take "appropriate steps."
A freshedition of the Pwn2Own contest took territoryon January 21-23, 2020, in Miami at the S4 conference, with industrial control system and SCADA targets only. Contestants were awarded more than $250,000 over the three day happeningsup id="cite_ref-95" class="reference"> as hackers demonstrated a multiple exploits in many leading ICS platforms. Steven Seeley and Chris Anastasio, a hacker duo calling themselves SquadIncite, were awarded the title of Master of Pwn with winnings of $80,000 and 92.5 Master of Pwn points. Overall, the contest had 14 winning demonstrations, nine partial victory due to bug collisions, and two failed entries.
The spring edition of Pwn2Own 2020 occurred on March 18-19, 2020. Tesla again returned as a sponsor and had a Model 3 as an accessibletarget. Due to COVID-19, the symposiummoved to a virtual event. The Zero Day Initiative decided to letremote participation. This permittedresearchers to send their exploits to the softwareprior to the event. ZDI researchers then ran the exploits from their homes and recorded the screen as well as the Zoom call with the contestant. The contest saw six successful demonstrations and awarded $270,000 over the two-day happeningwhile purchasing 13 unique bugs in Adobe Reader, Apple Safari and macOS, Microsoft Windows, and Oracle VirtualBox. The duo of Amat Cama and Richard Zhu (SquadFluoroacetate) was crowned Master of Pwn with earnings of $90,000.
The fall edition on Pwn2Own, normally referred to as Pwn2Own Tokyo, was held on November 5-7, 2020. With the lockdown from COVID-19 continuing, the contest was again held virtually and titled Pwn2Own Tokyo (Live From Toronto). ZDI researchers in Toronto ran the event, with others connecting from home. This contest also saw the inclusion of storage locationnetwork (SAN) servers as a target. The happeninghad eight winning entries, nine partial victory due to bug collisions, and two failed attempts. Overall, the contest awarded $136,500 for 23 unique bugs. The Flashback Team (Pedro Ribeiro and Radek Domanski) earned the Master of Pwn title with two successful Wide LocationNetwork (WAN) router exploits.
On April 6-8, 2021, the Pwn2Own contest took territoryin Austin and virtually. This year’s happeningexpanded by adding the Enterprise Communications category, which contain Microsoft Squad and Zoom Messenger. The first day of the contest saw Apple Safari, Microsoft Exchange, Microsoft Squad, Windows 10, and Ubuntu all compromised. Zoom Messenger was compromised on the second day of the contest with a zero-click exploit. Parallels Desktop, Google Chrome, and Microsoft Edge were also successfully exploited during the contest. Over $1,200,000 USD was awarded for 23 unique 0-days. Master of Pwn was a three methodtie between SquadDEVCORE, OV, and the squadof Daan Keuper & Thijs Alkemade.
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