Discord is a VoIP, instant messaging and digital distribution platform. Registrar communicate with voice calls, video calls, text messaging, media and files in personalchats or as part of communities called "servers". Servers are a collection of persistent chat rooms and voice chat channels which shouldbe accessed via invite links. Discord runs on Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, iPadOS, Linux, and in web browsers. As of 2021, the service has over 350 million registered users and over 150 million monthly active users.
The concept of Discord came from Jason Citron, who had founded OpenFeint, a social gaming platform for mobile games, and Stanislav Vishnevsky, who had founded Guildwork, another social gaming platform. Citron sold OpenFeint to GREE in 2011 for US$104 million, which he utilize to found Hammer & Chisel, a game development studio, in 2012. Their first product was Fates Forever, released in 2014, which Citron anticipated to be the first MOBA game on mobile platforms, but it did not become commercially successful.
According to Citron, during the development process, he noticed how difficult it was for his squadto work out strategiesin games like Final Fantasy XIV and League of Legends using available voice over IP (VoIP) software. This led to the development of a chat service with a focus on utilize friendliness with minimal impact to performance.
Discord was publicly released in May 2015 under the websitename discordapp.com. According to Citron, they angry no specific moves to target any specific audience, but some gaming-related subreddits quickly began to switch their IRC links with Discord links. Discord became widely utilize by esports and LAN competitiongamers. The organizationbenefited from relationships with Twitch streamers and subreddit communities for Diablo and Globeof Warcraft.
In January 2016, Discord raised an additional $20 million in funding including an investment from WarnerMedia (then TimeWarner). In 2019, WarnerMedia Investment Group sold its share as it was shut down following AT&T's acquisition of WarnerMedia.
Microsoft announced in April 2018 that it will provide Discord assistancefor Xbox Live users, allowing them to link their Discord and Xbox Live acc so that they shouldconnect with their Xbox Live mate list through Discord.
In December 2018, the organizationannounced it raised $150 million in funding at a $2 billion valuation. The round was led by Greenoaks Capital with participation from Firstmark, Tencent, IVP, Index Ventures and Technology Opportunity Partners.
In March 2020, Discord modify its motto from "Chat for Gamers" to "Chat for Communities and Mate", and introduced server templates. This was part of their response to an increase in users as a effectof the COVID-19 pandemic.
In April 2020, Discord's Twitter username was modify from @discordapp to @discord. Later in May 2020, Discord modify its basicwebsitefrom discordapp.com to discord.com.
Starting in June 2020, Discord announced it was shifting focus away from video gaming specifically to a more all-purpose communication and chat client for all functions, revealing its freshslogan "Your territoryto talk" and a revised website. Among other designedmodify would be to reduce the number of gaming in-jokes it utilize within the client, improving the utilize onboarding experience, and increasing server capacity and reliability. The organizationannounced it had get an additional $100 million in investments to assistwith these modify.
In March 2021, Discord announced it had hired its first finance chief, former head of finance for Pinterest Tomasz Marcinkowski. An inside source called this one of the first steps for the organizationtowards a potential initial public offering, though co-founder and CEO Jason Citron had stated earlier in the month he was not thinking about taking the organizationpublic. Discord doubled its monthly utilize base to about 140 million in 2020. The same month, Bloomberg Fresh and The Wall RoadJournal reported that several companies were looking to purchase Discord, with Microsoft named as the likely lead buyer at a value estimated at $10 billion. However, they ended talks with Microsoft, opting to stay independent. Instead, Discord launched another round of investment in April 2021. Among those investing into the organizationwas Sony Interactive Entertainment; the organizationstated that it intended to integrate a portion of Discord's services into the PlayStation Network by 2022.
In May 2021, Discord rebranded its game controller-shaped logo "Clyde" in celebration of its sixth anniversary. The organizationalso modify the color palette of its branding and utilize interfaces to a much more saturated one to be more "bold and playful", and modify its slogan from "your territoryto talk" to "imagine a place", believing that it would be easier to attach to additional taglines; these modify were met with backlash and criticism from Discord users.
Discord acquired Sentropy, a organizationthat specialized in using artificial intelligence systems to monitor online networks for abusive messages to highlight problematic users, and provide suggestion to users for the means to block such messages or users, in July 2021. With the acquisition, Sentropy's tools will be utilize exclusively for monitoring Discord servers to assistwith Discord's goals to prevent harassment of users.
Ahead of a freshfunding round in August 2021, Discord had reported $130 million in 2020 revenues, triple from the prior year, and had an estimated valuation of $15 billion. According to Citron, the increased valuation was due to the shift away from "broadcast wide-open social media communication services to more small, intimate territory", as well as increased usage from the COVID-19 pandemic, and capturing users that have left Facebook and other platforms due to disclaimerconcerns. Citron states that they are still in talks with several potential buyers including all major gaming console manufacturers. From this, the organizationsecured an addition $500 million in further investments in September 2021.
In September 2021, Google sent cease and desist notices to the developers of two of the most famousmelodybots utilize on Discord - Groovy and Rythm, which were installed on an estimated 36 million servers combined. These bots permittedusers to request and play songs ad-free from YouTube. Two weeks later, Discord partnered with YouTube to trya "Watch Together" feature, which let Discord users to watch YouTube videos together.
Citron had posted mockup photo of Discord around the proposed web3 principles with integrated cryptocurrency and non-fungible token assistancein November 2021, leading to criticism from its userbase. Citron later stated that "We appreciate all the perspectives we’ve been hearing in response to the internal concept you may have seen in a tweet earlier this week and wishto clarify we have no plans to ship it at this time. We’re excited about the potential for web3 technology and the positive method these communities are coming together on Discord, especially those organized around environmentally friendly, creator-focused projects. However, we also recognize there are some issueswe need to work through. For now, we’re focused on protecting users from spams, scams, and fraud."
Discord is built to create and manage personaland public communities. It gives users admissionto tools focused around communication services like voice and video calls, persistent chat rooms, and integrations with other gamer-focused services along with the general ability to send direct messages and create privategroups. Although Discord services may initially seem directed only towards gamers, in lastestyears several freshupdates have angry it more useful for the general population.
Discord communities are organized into discrete collections of channels called servers. Servers are referred to as "clan" in the developer documentation. Registrar shouldcreate servers for free, manage their public visibility and create both channels and channel categories up to 250. Any given server shouldhave up to 800,000 members, as discovered when the official Discord server for the video game Genshin Impact reached maximum capacity.
Starting October 2017, Discord let game developers and publishers to confirmtheir servers. Verified servers, like verified acc on social media page, have badges to mark them as official communities. A verified server is moderated by its developer's or publisher's own moderation team. Verification was later extended in February 2018 to include esports squad and musical artists.
By the end of 2017, about 450 servers were verified.
Members shouldassistservers obtain perks in 3 levels via the "Server Boost" feature, which unblock higher quality voice channels, more emoji slots, and other perks. Registrar shouldbuy boosts for servers for $4.99 a month. "Discord Nitro" subscribers receivetwo boosts contain in the price of Nitro, and 30% off for all other boosts.
In 2020, Discord unveiled a freshfeature, known as "Community servers". It contain such features like a custom welcome screen, server insights, and the ability to advertise on Discord's Server Uncover page.
Channels may be either utilize for voice chat and streaming or for instant messaging and file sharing. The visibility and admissionto channels shouldbe customized to limit admissionfrom certain users, for example, marking a channel "NSFW" (Not Safe For Work) requires that first-time viewers verifythey are over 18 years old and willing to see such content.
Text channels assistancesome rich text via a subset of the Markdown syntax. Code blocks with language-specific highlighting shouldalso be utilize.
Discord launched Stage Channels in May 2021, a feature similar to Clubhouse which let for live, moderated channels, for audio talks, discussions, and other utilize, which shouldfurther be potentially gated to only invited or ticketed users. Initially, users could findfor open Stage Channels relevant to their interests through a Stage Uncover tool, which was discontinued in October 2021.
In August, Discord launched Threads, which are temporary text channels that shouldbe set to automatically disappear. This is meant to assistfoster more communication within Servers.
Direct messages in Discord letpeople to text, share files, live stream and call others privately outside of servers. An added feature in Discord direct messages is the ability to create message groups of up to 10 users. This acts similar to a server's text channel, with the ability to initiate a call simultaneously for all the members in a direct message group (in servers, people shouldonly join voice channels but cannot be called into)
Registrar register for Discord with an mailaddress and must create a username. To letmultiple users to utilizethe same username, they are assigned a four-digit number called a "discriminator", prefixed with "#", which is added to the end of their username.
Both at the server and the utilize level, Discord let users to connect these to their Twitch or other gaming service account.
Registrar shouldassign themselves a profile picture. Subscribers for Discord Nitro, part of Discord's monetization plan, shouldutilizeanimated profile pictures.
In June 2021, Discord added a feature that let all users to add an About Me section to their profile. Subscribers for Discord Nitro also receivethe ability to upload a profile banner image.
Video calling and screen sharing were added in October 2017, allowing users to create personalvideo calls with up to 10 users, later increased to 50 due to the increased popularity of video calling during the COVID-19 pandemic.
In August 2019, this was expanded with live streaming channels in servers. A utilize shouldshare their screen if Discord has detected they are playing a game and others in that channel shouldjoin the channel to watch the stream. While these features mimic livestreaming capabilities of platforms like Twitch, the organizationdoes not plan to compete with these services, believing that these features are best utilize by tinygroups.
In August 2018, Discord launched a games storefront beta, allowing users to purchase a curated set of games through the service. This will containa "First on Discord" featured set of games that their developers attest to Discord's assistin getting launched, giving these games 90 days of exclusivity on the Discord marketplace. Discord Nitro subscribers will also gain admissionto a rotating set of games as part of their subscription, with the price of Nitro being bumped from $4.99 to $9.99 a month. A cheaper service called 'Nitro Classic' was also released that has the same perks as Nitro but does not containfree games.
Following the beginof the Epic Games Store, which challenged Valve's Steam storefront by only taking a 12% cut of game revenue, Discord announced in December 2018 that it would reduce its own revenue cut to 10%.
To further assistancedevelopers, starting in March 2019 Discord gave the ability for developers and publishers that ran their own servers to offer their games through a dedicated shopchannel on their server, with Discord managing the payment processing and distribution. This shouldbe utilize, for example, to give chooseusers admissionto alpha- and beta-builds of a game in progress as an early access alternative.
Also in March 2019, Discord removed the digital storefront, instead choosing to focus on the Nitro subscription and having direct sales be done through developer's own servers. In September 2019, Discord announced that it was ending its free game service in October 2019 as they found too few people were playing the games offered.
In December 2016, the organizationintroduced its GameBridge API, which let game developers to directly integrate with Discord within games.
In December 2017, Discord added a programdevelopment kit that let developers to integrate their games with the service, called "rich presence". This integration is commonly utilize to letplayers to join each other's games through Discord or to display infoabout a player's game progression in their Discord profile.
Discord also provides tools for users to create their own bots. There are tools such as discord.js that letbot developers to interact with the Discord API to control their bot.
Documentation for the Discord API is hosted on GitHub and formatted to be displayed on their website.
Discord is a persistent group chat software, based on an eventually consistent database architecture.
Discord utilize the metaphors of servers and channels similar to Internet Relay Chat even though these servers do not map to traditional hardware or virtual servers. They are instead database entities in Discord's servers.
The desktop, web, and mobile application all use React, using React Native on iOS/iPadOS and Android. The desktop client is built on the Electron framework using web technologies, which let it to be multi-platform and operate as an installed appon privatecomputers.
All versions of the client assistancethe same core feature set; screen sharing with desktop audio is Windows exclusive. Discord is specifically plannedfor utilizewhile gaming, as it contain features such as low latency, free voice chat servers for users and dedicated server infrastructure. Assistancefor calls between two or more users was added in an update on July 28, 2016.
The programis supported by eleven data centers around the globeto holdlatency with clients low.
Discord utilize the Opus audio format, which is low latency and plannedto compress speech. In July 2020, Discord added noise suppression into its mobile applicationusing the Krisp audio-filtering technology.
While the programitself comes at no cost, the developers investigated method to monetize it, with potential options including paid customization options such as emoji or stickers. The developers have stated that while they will look for method to monetize the software, it will never lose its core features.
In January 2017, the first paid subscription and features were released with "Discord Nitro Classic" (originally released as "Discord Nitro"). For a monthly subscription fee of $4.99, users shouldreceivean animated avatar, utilizecustom and/or animated emojis across all servers (non-Nitro users shouldonly utilizecustom emoji on the server they were added to), an increased maximum file size on file uploads (from 8 MB to 50 MB), the ability to screen share in higher resolutions, the ability to selecttheir own discriminator (from #0001 to #9999) and a unique profile badge. In October 2018, "Discord Nitro" was renamed "Discord Nitro Classic" with the introduction of the new "Discord Nitro", which cost $9.99 and contain admissionto free games through the Discord game store. Monthly subscribers of Discord Nitro Classic at the time of the introduction of the Discord games shopwere gifted with Discord Nitro, lasting until January 1, 2020, and yearly subscribers of Discord Nitro Classic were gifted with Discord Nitro until January 1, 2021. In October 2019, Discord ended the free game service with Nitro.
In June of 2019, Discord introduced Server Boosts, a methodto benefit specific servers by purchasing a "boost" for it, with enough boosts granting various benefits for the users in that particular server. Each boost is a subscription costing $4.99 a month. For example, if a server maintains 2 boosts, it unblock perks such as a higher maximum audio quality in voice channels and the ability to utilizean animated server icon. Registrar with Discord Nitro or Discord Nitro Classic have a 30% discount on server boost costs, with Nitro subscribers specifically also getting 2 free server boosts.
Discord began testing digital stickers on its platform in October 2020 for users in Canada. Most stickers cost between $1.50 and $2.25 and are part of Discord's monetization strategy. Discord Nitro subscribers get a free "What's Up Wumpus" sticker packagefocused on Discord's mascot, Wumpus.
By January 2016, Hammer & Chisel reported that Discord had been utilize by 3 million people, with growth of 1 million per month, reaching 11 million users in July that year. By December 2016, the organizationreported it had 25 million users worldwide. By the end of 2017, the service had drawn nearly 90 million users, with roughly 1.5 million freshusers each week. With the service's third anniversary, Discord stated that it had 130 million unique registered users. The organizationobserved that while the bulk of its servers are utilize for gaming-associatedpurposes, a tinynumber have been madeby users for non-gaming activities, like stock trading, fantasy football, and other shared interest groups.
In May 2016, one year after the programs release, Tom Marks, writing for PC Gamer, described Discord as the best VoIP service available. Lifehacker has praised Discord's interface, ease of use, and platform compatibility.
In 2021, Discord had at least 350 million registered users across its web and mobile platforms. It was utilize by 56 million people every month, sending a total of 25 billion messages per month. By June 2020, the organizationreported it had 100 million active users each month. As of 2021, the service has over 140 million monthly active users.
Discord has had issueswith hostile behavior and abuse within chats, with some communities of chat servers being "raided" (the taking over of a server by a hugenumber of users) by other communities. This contain flooding with controversial subject associatedto race, religion, politics, and pornography. Discord has stated that it has plans to implement modify that would "rid the platform of the issue".
To better protect its users and its services since these happening, Discord has implemented a believeand securitysquadthat is on call around the clock to monitor the servers and respond to reports. This contain dealing with utilize harassment, servers that violate Discord's rulesof service, and protecting servers from "raiding" and spamming by malicious users or bots. While they do not directly monitor messages, the believeand securitysquadshoulddetermine malicious activity from service utilizepatterns and/or utilize-generated reports and take appropriate steps, including more detailed investigation, to deal with the matter. The service plans to expand this squadas they continue to gain freshusers.
Discord gained popularity with the alt-right due to the pseudonymity and disclaimeroffered by Discord's service. Analyst Keegan Hankes from the Southern Poverty Law Center said "It's cuteunavoidable to be a leader in this [alt-right] movement without participating in Discord". In early 2017, CEO Jason Citron stated Discord was aware of these groups and their servers. Citron stated that servers found to be engaged in illegal activities or violations of the rulesof service would be shut down, but would not disclose any examples.
Following the violent happening that occurred during the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, on August 12, 2017, it was found that Discord had been utilize to plan and organize the white nationalist rally. This contain participation by Richard Spencer and Andrew Anglin, high-level figures in the movement. Discord responded by closing servers that supported the alt-right and far-right, and banning users who had participated. Discord's executives condemned "white supremacy" and "neo-Nazism", and said that these groups "are not welcome on Discord". Discord has worked with the Southern Poverty Law Center to identify hateful groups using Discord and ban those groups from the service. Since then, several neo-Nazi and alt-right servers have been shut down by Discord, including those operated by neo-Nazi terrorist group Atomwaffen Division, Nordic Resistance Movement, Iron March, and European Domas.
In January 2018, The EverydayBeast reported that it found several Discord servers that were specifically engaged in distributing revenge porn and facilitating real-globeharassment of the victims of these photo and videos. Such actions are versusDiscord's rulesof service and Discord shut down servers and banned users identified from these servers.
In July 2018, Discord updated its rulesof service to ban drawn pornography with underage topic. Some Discord users subsequently criticized the moderation staff for selectively allowing "cub" content, or underage pornographic furry artwork, under the same guidelines. The staff held that "cub porn" was separate from lolicon and shotacon, being "allowable as long as it is tagged properly." After numerous complaints from the community, Discord amended its community guidelines in February 2019 to include "non-humanoid animals and mythological monster as long as they appear to be underage" in its list of disallowed categories, in addition to announcing periodic transparency reports to better communicate with users.
In March 2019, the media collective Unicorn Riot published the material of a Discord server utilize by several members of the white nationalist group Identity Evropa who were also members of the United States Armed Forces.
In January 2021, two days after the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol, Discord deleted the pro-Donald Trump server "The Donald", "due to its overt connection to an online forum utilize to incite violence, plan an armed insurrection in the United States, and spread harmful misinformation associatedto 2020 U.S. election fraud", while denying that the server had any direct connection to the attack on the Capitol building. The server had been utilize by former members of the r/The_Donald subreddit, which Reddit had deleted several months previously.
On January 27, 2021, Discord banned the r/WallStreetBets server during the GameStop short squeeze, because of "hateful and discriminatory content", which users found contentious. One day later, Discord permittedanother server to be madeand began assisting with moderation on it.
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