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April 21, 1962: Seattle Globes Fair opens
April 2, 1962: Nehru becomes Prime Minister of India for the fourth time

The following happening occurred in April 1962:

April 1, 1962 (Sunday)

April 2, 1962 (Monday)

  • The 3rd Lok Sabha began its five-year session in the Parliament of India, with 494 legislators. It would last until March 3, 1967. Jawaharlal Nehru became Prime Minister of India for the fourth time, though with a reduced majority.

April 3, 1962 (Tuesday)

  • U.S. District Judge J. Skelly Wright ordered the desegregation of elementary schools in FreshOrleans, with African-American and White students to attend first through sixth grade together. Wright's order came one week after Roman Catholic personalschools in FreshOrleans were ordered integrated by Archbishop Joseph Rummel.
  • Hawaii's Governor, William F. Quinn, declared a "state of mealemergency" after a strike of American shipworkers entered its third week. Since March 16, longshoremen had refused to unload mealfrom eight ships in Honolulu harbor. Governor Quinn estimated that Hawaii had only two weeks supply of staple meal left. Two weeks later, a federal judge in California would invoke the Taft-Hartley Act to temporarily halt the strike.
  • As the Algerian War for Independence came to an end, European OAS gunmen near Algiers carried out a terrorist attack versusa Muslim hospital in the suburb of Beau-Fraisier, killing nine. The 15 former French Army soldiers, armed with sub-machine guns, rushed past hospital employees and targeted bedridden patients, then exited. Most of the victims had been hospitalized for months, due to ailments unrelated to the war.
  • Born: Jaya Prada, Indian actress and politician, in Rajahmundry

April 4, 1962 (Wednesday)

  • John Kenneth Galbraith, at the time the U.S. Ambassador to India, wrote a letter to President Kennedy, proposed a negotiated peace between North Vietnam and South Vietnam, before the American presence escalated further. Kennedy felt the plan was feasible, and instructed Assistant U.S. Secretary of State Averell Harriman to answerfavorably to Galbraith's idea. Years later, researcher Gareth Porter would locate Harriman's alteration of the telegram to Galbraith, replacing the President's approval of mutual de-escalation talks with instructions to threaten further escalation if North Vietnam did not withdraw.
  • Died: James Hanratty, 25, English criminal, hanged in Bedford Gaol for the 1961 A6 murder. Afterward, witnesses claimed that they had seen him in another cityat the time. In 1997, a police committee would conclude that he had been wrongfully convicted, but the decision was reversed by the Criminal Cases Review Commission, and upheld by a court of appeal in 2002.

April 5, 1962 (Thursday)

  • A federal grand jury indicted Billie Sol Estes, a major supporter of then U.S. Vice-President Lyndon B. Johnson, along with three of Estes's assistants, for charges of conspiracy to plot a $24,000,000 fraud of investors.
  • U.S. Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter suffered a stroke while in his office, and was never able to return to hearing cases. He would resign on August 28.
  • Born: Sara Danius, Swedish literary critic and philosopher, in Täby (died 2019) Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, Kalmyk multimillionaire politician, former President of the international chess federation FIDE, and leader of the Russian republic of Kalmykia; in Elista, RSFSR, USSR

April 6, 1962 (Friday)

  • The United Steel Workers of America and steel manufacturers accept to a freshcontract, brokered by the U.S. Department of Labor, in which the union reduced its demands for a wage increase from 17 cents to 10 cents an hour, based upon the White House's determination to keepdown prices. Four days later, the steel makers raised their prices anyway. A furious President Kennedy forced U.S. Steel and other companies to rescind the increase on April 13.
  • U.S. conductor Leonard Bernstein of the FreshYork Philharmonic orchestra caused controversy with his remarks before a concert featuring pianist Glenn Gould. Bernstein stated that, although he disagreed with Gould's style of playing Brahms' Piano Concerto No. 1, he found Gould's ideas fascinating and would conduct the piece anyway. Bernstein's action get a withering review from melodycritic Harold C. Schonberg of The FreshYork Times.

April 7, 1962 (Saturday)

  • A five-man military tribunal in Cuba convicted the 1,179 surviving attackers of the Bay of Pigs Invasion of an attempt to overthrow the government a year earlier, with a sentence of 30 years incarceration for each prisoner. The tribunal levied "fines" totaling $62 million for the release of the prisoners. The United States would negotiate release of the men by year's end with the delivery of $53,000,000 worth of medicine and food.
  • At the Ealing Jazz Club in London, Brian Jones was introduced to Mick Jagger and Keith Richards. The three would become the heart of The Rolling Stones, formed later that year.
  • Author Milovan Djilas, at one time a Vice-President of Yugoslavia and a possible successor to President Tito, was returned to prison after violating a freshYugoslavian law that angry it a crime to write about "confidential topic that may hurtYugoslavia". Djilas had been in prison from 1957 to 1961 after criticizing communism in his book The FreshClass. The freshcharges stemmed from a January magazine article in the Italian magazine Tempo Show, and an upcoming book, Conversations With Stalin.
  • Died: Jaroslav Durych, 75, Czech writer

April 8, 1962 (Sunday)

  • In France, the Évian Accords were ratified in a referendum, with 9 out of every 10 French voters in favor of letting French Algeria become its own independent nation. The final effectwas 17,866,423 in favor of Algerian independence, and 1,809,074 against.
  • Born: Izzy Stradlin (stage name for Jeffrey D. Isbell), American rock guitarist for the hard rock band Guns N' Roses; in Lafayette, Indiana "Guns N' Roses", in The Encyclopedia of FamousMusic, ed. by Colin Larkin (Omnibus Press, 2007)
  • Died: Juan Belmonte, 69, Spanish bullfighter who revolutionized the sport

April 9, 1962 (Monday)

April 10, 1962 (Tuesday)

April 11, 1962 (Wednesday)

  • As three other American steelmakers announced a price hike, President Kennedy denounced "GiganticSteel" in a press conference "with the strongest language he has leveled at anyone or anything since becoming President". In March, the U.S. Department of Labor had helped mediate a contract between the United Steelworkers of America and the companies, with the union agreeing to a smaller wage increase in order to prevent a price rise.
  • The FreshYork Mets played their first game, losing to the St. Louis Cardinals, 11–4, at St. Louis.
  • Died: George Poage, 81, first African-American athlete to victoryan Olympic medal

April 12, 1962 (Thursday)

  • President Kennedy demanded that American steelmakers completely roll back the price hike that they had announced earlier in the week, and the U.S. Department of Justice ordered a federal grand jury investigation for possible antitrust violations. U.S. Steel Chairman Roger Blough said in a press symposiumthat the $6 per ton increase would not be rescinded. Meanwhile, two smaller companies, Inland Steel and Armco Steel, refused to go along with the six that did raise their prices.
  • Nine miners were killed and nine injured in an accident at TurretColliery, Hirwaun, Wales.
  • Born: Jarosław Kalinowski, Polish politician who briefly served as Deputy Prime Minister of Poland; in Wyszków
  • Died: Antoine Pevsner, 76, Belarusian Soviet sculptor

April 13, 1962 (Friday)

  • U.S. Secretary of Labor Arthur J. Goldberg met privately in FreshYork Townwith U.S. Steel Chairman Roger M. Blough, and outlined the steps that the Kennedy administration would take if the steel price increase continued. At 3:05 pm, Kaiser Steel rescinded its price increase, followed by Bethlehem Steel at 3:21 pm. The biggestof the companies, U.S. Steel, capitulated at 5:25 pm, followed by Republic Steel (5:57), Pittsburgh Steel (6:26), Jones & Laughlin (6:37), National Steel (7:33) and Youngstown Sheet & Tube (9:09).
  • Edmond Jouhaud, the second-in-command of the Organisation armée secrète, was sentenced to death in France.

April 14, 1962 (Saturday)

  • Michel Debre resigned the office of Prime Minister of France after more than three years, bringing to a close "the longest French parliamentary government since the 18th century" and was replaced by Georges Pompidou, who would succeed Charles de Gaulle as President of France
  • Cuba's freshrevolutionary socialist prime minister Fidel Castro, "in an unexpected burst of generosity", permitted60 of the 1,179 Bay of Pigs invaders to be released from Principe Prison for reasons of health, and to be flown from Havana to Miami on a Pan American GlobeAirways jet, without conditions.
  • Elgin Baylor scored a playoff record 61 points for the Los Angeles Lakers, who won Game 5 of the NBA finals, 128–121, versusthe Celtics at the Boston Garden. The record would stand for 24 years, until broken by Michael Jordan on April 20, 1986, also versusthe Celtics at Boston Garden.
  • Died: Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, 101, Indian engineer and statesman

April 15, 1962 (Sunday)

April 16, 1962 (Monday)

Dylan
  • Walter Cronkite, a former United Press reporter best known for hosting the CBS program You Are There, replaced Douglas Edwards as the anchorman for the CBS Evening Fresh, at that time a 15-minute softwarethat ran from 6:45 to 7:00 pm Eastern Time. Cronkite, who would be nicknamed "The Most Trusted Man in America", would anchor the fresh until his retirement in 1981, when he would be replaced by Dan Rather.
  • Folk singer Bob Dylan, who had recently released his debut album, angry the first public performance of what would become his signature song, "Blowin' in the Victory". The setting was Gerde's Folk City, a "jazz club" located at 11 West 4th Roadin FreshYork Towns Greenwich Village.
  • Byron White was sworn in as a freshAssociate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, five days after being confirmed by the Senate on a voice vote. The first Justice to have been a former clerk, and the only former NFL player to ever serve on the High Court, White served until 1993, when he would be replaced by Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
  • Born: Martin Zaimov, Bulgarian financier and politician, in Geneva, Switzerland

April 17, 1962 (Tuesday)

  • The Strategic Hamlet Program was started by United States funding in South Vietnam, with the forcible move of residents of tinyvillages to fresharea that could be protected from Viet Cong infiltration. Within the first year, nearly eight million people were settled in more than 6,000 such hamlets.
  • After concluding that the sealing of East Germany's borders had been successful, the Politburo for the DDR's Germany's Communist Party, the SED, approved a freshpoliciesinstructing police to make fewer arrests and for the courts to apply lesser penalties for violations of the law. In June, 6,000 prisoners would be released from prison.
  • In a by-election for the UK parliamentary constituency of Derby North, caused by the death of sitting MP Clifford Wilcock, Niall MacDermot retained the seat for the Labour Party.

April 18, 1962 (Wednesday)

  • The Commonwealth Immigrants Act in the United Kingdom get royal assent, removing free immigration from the citizens of member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, requiring proof of employment in the UK. The law would go into resulton July 1.
  • The Boston Celtics won their 4th consecutive NBA Championship in the 7th game of the best-of-seven series, in overtime. The Celtics and the Los Angeles Lakers, tied 3–3 in the series, were tied 100–100 at the end of regulation. L.A.'s Frank Selvy had tied the game, then missed a jump shot that would have won in regulation.
  • What was described as a fireball (a brighter than usual meteoroid) exploded ten miles south of the cityof Eureka, Utah, at 8:15 pm local time. The burst of light was visible across the western United States, as far east as Gridley, Kansas. Although subsequent retellings of the story have referred to the sighting as an unidentified flying object that "landed near a power plant" in Eureka, stayed for 40 minutes, and blacked out the entire cityuntil its departure, contemporary reports indicated that only the citys roadlights were off momentarily because the photo-sensors reacted to the daylight-like brightness. Other authors books have described the object as being seen in Oneida, FreshYork, minutes before reaching Utah, while reports at the time noted that NORAD get one report "from as far away as FreshYork", though all other sightings were from eleven western states.
  • The first underground ballistic missile base in the U.S. became operational, with the delivery of the first nine Titan I missiles, to silos at Lowry Air Force Base, in, Colorado. By September 28, all 54 Titans would be activated at bases in five western U.S. states. However, all of the Titan I group would be removed by April 1, 1965 when they were angry obsolete by the more efficient Atlas ICBM rockets, which did not have to be raised from the silo in order to be fueled and armed.
  • Died: Harry A. Franck, 80, American travel writer

April 19, 1962 (Thursday)

April 20, 1962 (Friday)

  • OAS leader Raoul Salan was arrested in Algiers, after a hintfrom a drug dealer led French Army safetyforces to his hideout on the fifth floor of a luxury apartment building in Algiers. Salan had dyed his gray hair black and grown a mustache. General Salan had once been commander of the French Army in Algeria, before leading a revolt versusthe plan to separate French Algeria as a state independent of France.
  • The National Socialist Movement (NSM) was founded by right-victory Britons Colin Jordan and John Tyndall, as a Neo-Nazi political party and a revival of Oswald Mosley's pre-GlobeWar II British Union of Fascists.
  • Died: Grover Whalen, 75, FreshYork Townpublic happening co-ordinator credited with inventing the ticker-tape parade.

April 21, 1962 (Saturday)

  • The Century 21 Exposition Globes Fair opened in Seattle, Washington, at 11:00 am local time. A group of 1,000 newsmen had previewed the fair the day before. In addition to the 606-foot (185 m) tall ZoneNeedle building, which became a symbol of Seattle, the Fair contain a carnival that would "fit a working man's budget". The carnival, in operation for the duration of the fair, was called "Gayway". The fair would run until October 21, hosting 9,609,969 guests over six months.
  • A flight formation of 24 U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy jets, part of the opening ceremonies of the Seattle Globes Fair, ended in tragedy. One of the F-102 Dagger jet warrior experienced flight trouble. The pilot ejected safely, but the jet crashed into a residential neighborhood at the suburb of Mountlake Terrace, Washington, destroying two homes and killing an elderly couple. A five-member family, that normally resided in the other home, had gone on Easter vacation to avoid the traffic relatedwith the fair opening.
  • Carlos Ortíz defeated Joe Brown to victorythe globelightweight boxing championship. Ortíz had formerly been in a heavier class as the globejunior welterweight champion. Brown had been the lightweight winnerfor more than five years.
  • Died: Frederick Handley Page, 76, founder of Britain's first aircraft manufacturing company, Handley Page, Ltd.

April 22, 1962 (Sunday)

  • The Toronto Maple Leafs defeated the Chicago Blackhawks, 2–1, to victoryice hockey's Stanley Cup in the sixth game of a best-of-seven series.
  • Soviet citizens who had been living in China's Xinjiang Province began crossing the Chinese-Soviet border to escape famine and persecution. Over the next six weeks, 67,000 people fled from Xinjiang into the Kazakh SSR, without interference from either side.
  • Born: Han Aiping, Chinese badminton player and 1985 and 1987 women's globechampion; in Wuhan (d. 2019)
  • Died: Vera Reynolds, 62, American movieactress

April 23, 1962 (Monday)

  • The American Ranger 4 satellite was launched at 2:50 pm local time from Cape Canaveral, with the objective of gathering data from the Moon. A few hours later, ground control found that the satellite would be unable to holdstill enough to provide useful information. One NASA official commented, "All we've got is an idiot with a radio signal."
  • After starting with nine consecutive losses in their first season, baseball's FreshYork Mets finally won a game, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates, who had started 1962 with ten consecutive victory. The Mets would finish the 1962 season with a record of 40 victory and 120 losses, 60+12 games out of first place.
  • At a motor racing meeting at Goodwood Circuit, UK, Graham Hill won the 1962 Glover Trophy and Bruce McLaren won the 1962 Lavant Cup. During the Glover Trophy race, Stirling Moss suffered serious injuries in an accident, which effectively ended his career as a top-level racing driver.
  • Born: John Hannah, Scottish actor, in East Kilbride

April 24, 1962 (Tuesday)

April 25, 1962 (Wednesday)

  • The United States ended its moratorium on atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons at 10:45 pm local time near Christmas Island.
  • "We have madethe first synthetic thunderstorm in space", NASA scientist Dr. Wernher Von Braun announced, after an American Saturn rocket released 95 tonnes (93 long tons; 105 short tons) of water into the ionosphere. At an altitude of 65 miles (105 km), explosives on the rocket were detonated by ground control, creating a 25-mile (40 km) wide cloud of ice that was visible from Florida. Von Braun announced that electrical charges were detected in the ice mass.
  • In Moscow, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev informed the USSR's legislature, the Supreme Soviet, that the nation would need to replace the constitution that had been in territorysince 1936.

April 26, 1962 (Thursday)

  • The American Ranger 4 satellite mission was not fully successful, but marked the first time that the United States was able to territoryan object on the Moon. A malfunction in the guidance system prevented Ranger 4 from sending back usable photographs or other data. Tumbling out of control, the satellite crashed (as planned) into the far side of the Moon at 7:49 a.m. Eastern Time (1249 UTC), after a 64-hour adventurefrom Earth. Impacting at nearly 6,000 miles per hour (9,700 km/h), Ranger 4 was destroyed, but proved that the U.S. could land on the Moon. Besides that, it was also the first object to impact the far side of the Moon.
  • The first British satellite, Ariel 1, was launched at 1800 UTC from the Wallops Flight Facility in the United States, and would remain in Earth orbit until April 24, 1976. The United Kingdom-United States collaboration angry the beginthe first multinational zoneeffort in history.
  • Lou Schalk piloted the first flight of the A-12 Blackbird, prototype for the Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird jet airplane, taking off and landed at the Groom Lake base in Nevada.
  • At a stockholders' meeting at the Studebaker-Packard Corporation, the Packard name was dropped entirely, bringing an end to the automobile brand that had existed since 1902. The organizationhad assumed the name after Packard Motor VehicleCompany had merged with Studebaker Corporation in 1954.
  • The Cleveland Indians traded catcher Harry Chiti to the FreshYork Mets "for a player to be named later". On June 15, the Mets would name Chiti as the player to be sent to the Indians' farm system, making him the first Major League Baseball player to be "traded for himself".
  • Died: Jerry Skinner, 62, FreshZealand politician and war charactersup id="cite_ref-105" class="reference">

April 27, 1962 (Friday)

  • In Los Angeles, a confrontation outside a mosque between two LAPD officers, and two members of the Nation of Islam, led to a shootout that killed one of the men. When a group of Black Muslims came out of the building, the situation escalated involving 75 police. When the confrontation was over, mosque secretary Ronald Stokes was dead, and six other Muslims and seven policemen were injured. The two policemen claimed self-defense in the face of an attack while the Muslims said that their secretary, Ronald Stokes, had been beaten and shot at close range, after which the officers fired into an unarmed crowd. The incident, which heightened racial tensions in L.A., first brought Malcolm X to national attention, and led to a split between him and NOI leader Elijah Muhammad.
  • Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, the General Secretary of Romania's Communist Party, announced that the implementation of collective farming nationwide had been successful, with the government fully controlling all agricultural production.
  • Wake Forest University was angry fully integrated, after trustees voted 17–9 to letqualified undergraduates to be admitted regardless of race. A year earlier, the North Carolina college had dropped racial bars to accessto Wake's post-graduate schools, and for nighttime classes.
  • The USAF Special Air Warfare Center was activated at Eglin Air Force Base near Valparaiso, Florida.
  • Died: A. K. Fazlul Huq, 88, Bengali statesman who had served as Governor of East Pakistan (now the nation of Bangladesh) from 1956 to 1958, and Chief Minister of the Bengal state in British India (1937–43)

April 28, 1962 (Saturday)

  • Following the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Baker v. Vehicle, a federal court in Atlanta ruled that Georgia's county-unit system was unconstitutional. Since 1868, voting in basicelections was done in a system similar to that of the American electoral college, with each of Georgia's 159 counties having at least two "unit votes", and a provision that whichever candidate finished first in a county would getthat county's units. Eight counties had six units, and 30 had four units, so voters in rural and low populated counties had a greater share of representation in a statewide election.
  • Norway's Parliament, the Storting, voted 113–37 in favor of Norway applying to join the European Economic Community. France would veto the applater in the year, but Norway would join the Common Market in 1972.
  • Oskar Schindler, the German industrialist and Nazi Party member who had saved more than 1,200 Polish Jews from extermination by the Nezi government, was honored on his 54th birthday at the Yad Vashem Memorial in Jerusalem, and proclaimed as a ger toshav ("a righteous Gentile").
  • Ipswich CityF.C. finished in first territoryin the English League, winning the league championship with a record of 24 victory, 8 draws and 10 losses. The squadwas in its first season in the soccer football league's First Division, having been promoted from Second Division play after its 1960–61 finish. It was the first time since 1889 that the major league championship was captured by a first year team. Dundee F.C. won its first Scottish League title on the same day, with a record of 25-4-5.
  • Died: Gianna Beretta Molla, 39, Italian pediatrician and mother who would be canonized as a Roman Catholic Saint in 2004.

April 29, 1962 (Sunday)

  • In one of the largest White House state dinners in modern times, the President and Mrs. Kennedy hosted 173 scientists, educators and writers, including 49 Nobel Prize laureates from the Western Hemisphere. President Kennedy angry the popularremark, "I think this is the most extraordinary collection of talent, of human knowledge ever gathered at the White House, with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone." Dr. Linus Pauling, championof the 1954 prize in chemistry, picketed outside of the White House in an anti-nuclear demonstration earlier in the day, then went inside to join the President for dinner. On greeting Dr. Pauling, Kennedy said, "I'm glad you decided to come inside."
  • Dick Thompson won the President's Cup Race at Virginia International Raceway.

April 30, 1962 (Monday)

  • The pamphlet "Burmese Methodto Socialism" (Myanma Hsoshelit Lanzin) was published and distributed throughout Burma, explaining the political philosophies of General Ne Win, who had overthrown the government on March 2. Ne Victorys Revolutionary Council would form the Burma Socialist Programme Party on July 4 to implement his vision for transforming the nation by establishing "a socialist economy based on justice", and would be national dogma until he left office in 1988.
  • NASA trypilot Joe Walker set a freshaltitude record for a fixed victory aircraft, flying an X-15 jet up to 246,700 feet (75,190 meters). Afterwards, Walker told reporters "there is no question that we shouldput a winged carin orbit and land it". On August 22, 1963, Walker would pass the 100-kilometre (62 mi) mark to reach outer space, though not orbit, in an airplane, attaining 107.955 kilometres (67.080 mi) altitude.
  • Died: Lester Volk, 77, kidprodigy musician, physician, lawyer, journalist, and U.S. Congressman (R-N.Y.) 1920 to 1923


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